15 min

Data stores are a storage feature for Roblox games. They can be used to save data which should persist between game sessions, including items in a player’s inventory, experience points, or almost anything else.

Data stores are shared per game, so any place in a game, including places in different servers, can access and change the same data.


A data store is essentially a dictionary, like a Lua table. Each value in the data store can be indexed by a unique key which includes the player’s Player/UserId|UserId, for instance:

Key Value
Player_1234 50
Player_2345 20
Player_7462 78000
Player_8934 1200
Player_10345 0

Data Store Access

Data stores are managed by DataStoreService, so your scripts must get the service before doing much else.

Once you’ve included DataStoreService in your script, a data store can be accessed by name using the DataStoreService/GetDataStore|GetDataStore() function. For example:

Managing a Data Store

Setting Data

GlobalDataStore/SetAsync|SetAsync() sets the value of a new data store entry. This function requires the key name of the entry and the value to set.

Reading Data

The GlobalDataStore/GetAsync|GetAsync() function reads the value of a data store entry. It requires just the key name of the entry.

Incrementing Data

GlobalDataStore/IncrementAsync|IncrementAsync() changes a numerical value in a data store. This function requires the key name of the entry and a number indicating how much to change the value.

Updating Data

GlobalDataStore/UpdateAsync|UpdateAsync() changes any stored value in a data store. This function requires the key name of the entry plus a function which defines how the entry should be updated. This function takes the current value and returns the new value, based on whatever logic you define.

Removing Data

GlobalDataStore/RemoveAsync|RemoveAsync() removes an entry and returns the value that was associated with the key.

Ordered Data Stores

Regular data stores do not sort their content. This isn’t a concern for many games, but sometimes it’s useful to get data in an ordered fashion, like leaderboard stats.

An OrderedDataStore is a special type of data store that can:

  • Easily return its content in a sorted order.
  • Return multiple records in one request (versus a regular data store where you can only request one entry at a time).

An ordered data store uses the same functions as a regular data store including GlobalDataStore/GetAsync|GetAsync(), GlobalDataStore/SetAsync|SetAsync(), GlobalDataStore/UpdateAsync|UpdateAsync(), etc. In addition, it provides the OrderedDataStore/GetSortedAsync|GetSortedAsync() function which accepts parameters for the “page size” of the returned DataStorePages object, the sort order, and minimum/maximum values.

Consider an ordered data store populated with five characters and their ages. This example sorts the data into pages with 3 entries each, in descending order, then loops through the pages and outputs each character’s name/age.

Limits, Queuing, and Handling Errors

Requests to data stores, like all network calls, may occasionally fail due to poor connectivity or other issues. As you’ve seen throughout this article, it’s important to wrap data store commands in pcall() and handle any resulting errors. In addition, there are limits applied to the data store model. If a game exceeds these limits, the Roblox engine will automatically throttle the game’s data store usage, causing requests to be placed in a queue.

For more information, see the Articles/Datastore Errors|Data Store Errors and Limits article.

Using Data Stores in Studio

By default, places simulated in Studio do not have access to data stores, so any request function like GlobalDataStore/SetAsync|SetAsync() or GlobalDataStore/GetAsync|GetAsync() will cause an error if called from Studio.

If desired, data stores can be enabled in Studio as follows:

  1. From the Home tab, open the Game Settings window.
  1. In the Security section, turn on Enable Studio Access to API Services.
  2. Click Save to register your changes.
  • data
  • storage